Innovation, personality and intelligence : developments in selection.
Previous research has failed to define a framework to understand the construct space within
which innovation occurs. A collection of studies were conducted to address this deficiency by.
(1) defining a model of individual level innovation at work and, (2) developing a psychometric
inventory for use in selection research. The results suggested innovation can be characterised
by a four factor model including, (i) Consistency of Work Styles (CWS), (ii) Adaptation (AD),
(iii) Challenging Behaviour (CB) and (iv) Motivation To Change (MTC). The model was
developed using (a) Critical Incident Focus Group approach (N=40) and visualisation
procedures to generate items (N=40), and was examined using (b) Exploratory Factor Analysis
(N=156) and, (c) Confirmatory Factor Analysis to establish the underlying structure (N=395).
The model demonstrated good criterion-related, construct and predictive validity, and was
interpreted as an organising framework with reference to intelligence, personality and Typical
Intellectual Engagement (Ackerman & Heggestad, 1997). The results demonstrated CWS and
AD were negatively associated with innovation, and MTC and CB were positively associated
with innovation. Findings suggested innovation occurs at the' cross-roads' of intelligence and
personality, and is best measured in a typical performance paradigm. This thesis offered
theoretical insights by examining associated trait complexes and implications for future
research were made.