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Title: Innovation, personality and intelligence : developments in selection.
Author: Patterson, Fiona.
Awarding Body: University of Nottingham
Current Institution: University of Nottingham
Date of Award: 1998
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Previous research has failed to define a framework to understand the construct space within which innovation occurs. A collection of studies were conducted to address this deficiency by. (1) defining a model of individual level innovation at work and, (2) developing a psychometric inventory for use in selection research. The results suggested innovation can be characterised by a four factor model including, (i) Consistency of Work Styles (CWS), (ii) Adaptation (AD), (iii) Challenging Behaviour (CB) and (iv) Motivation To Change (MTC). The model was developed using (a) Critical Incident Focus Group approach (N=40) and visualisation procedures to generate items (N=40), and was examined using (b) Exploratory Factor Analysis (N=156) and, (c) Confirmatory Factor Analysis to establish the underlying structure (N=395). The model demonstrated good criterion-related, construct and predictive validity, and was interpreted as an organising framework with reference to intelligence, personality and Typical Intellectual Engagement (Ackerman & Heggestad, 1997). The results demonstrated CWS and AD were negatively associated with innovation, and MTC and CB were positively associated with innovation. Findings suggested innovation occurs at the' cross-roads' of intelligence and personality, and is best measured in a typical performance paradigm. This thesis offered theoretical insights by examining associated trait complexes and implications for future research were made.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Psychology Psychology