Chinese muslims of Yunnan, Southwest China, with special reference to their revolt 1855-1873
This work is a macro-study of Chinese Muslims in Yunnan, Southwest China, focussing on their religious and political activities in the mid-19th century under the Manchu-Qing rule. Its main aim is to provide a comprehensive treatment of their revolt of 1855-1873. Chapter 1 is a background survey of Muslims and their settlement in China before the Qing Dynasty. Chapter 2 deals with the origins and development of Yunnanese Muslims from Central Asian stock to subjects of the Middle Kingdom, and with their religion in Yunnan. Chapter 3 discusses Yunnanese Muslim social and political status under the Qing rule, and the causes of their uprisings: religious, cultural and economic conflicts with the Han Chinese on the one hand and oppression and aggression from the Manchu government, Han gentry and militia. Chapter 4 traces the early course of rebellions in the east and west of the province and the relations between the two groups. Chapter 5 gives an account of the development of Du Wenxiu's Muslim regime and the establishment of the Dali Sultanate. Chapter 6 is concerned with the Sultanate's failed foreign relations with western powers, particularly Britain, and the resulting hastening of its collapse. Chapter 7 analyzes the reasons for the collapse of the Sultanate, the success of the Manchu's suppression and its aftermath. Chapter 8 is a summary of the work. The thesis is intended to inaugurate further contributions to an area of Islamic history which, although neglected by scholars east and west, is nevertheless of considerable significance in the realm of Islamic studies as a whole.