Farm level approaches to tree growing in agroforestry in Haryana, India
Deforestation problem at a global level in general and in developing countries in particular have been an issue of prime concern among researchers and both government and non government organisations all over the world. Its causes have been identified as the daily demand of people for fuelwood, fodder and small timber in rural areas of developing countries in general and India in particular. This led to the emergence of a new concept of social forestry with agroforestry or farm-level tree growing as its integral part in the late 1970's. The programmes and projects on both social forestry and agroforestry in India have been dealt with in a 'top-down' approach to planning. Perhaps that it why they have not achieved the desired success. The reverse approach or 'bottom-up' approach because of its time and resource consuming nature, has not been adopted by the Government. Therefore, 'microplanning' a compromise approach, has been suggested in the present study. As individual households are at the lowest level of the microplanning system, household level linear programming models have been developed in this study. The models have been developed and tested on a field survey of three villages in the Haryana state in India. The study has demonstrated that tree planting on farms can increase farm income and can play a significant role in rural development in India. The models developed in this study can be used to estimate farm incomes following the introduction of trees on farms such that the most economically viable option can be recommended to each farmer. The validation of these models confirms the potential for farm level tree growing in Haryana.