The evaluation and utilisation of educational media : a critical study, with proposals for a programme of training for secondary school teachers across the curriculum in Saudi Arabia
The purpose of this study is to investigate the utilisation and evaluation of Educational Media Technology (EMT) in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). It is a critical study, with proposals for a programme of training for secondary school teachers across the curriculum in KSA. The impetus for this study came from the failure of KSA's Administration of Education and Equipment to meet its own objectives in EMT provision, which has led to a shortage of teachers qualified in the use and evaluation of EMT. The reasons for this failure lie within the history of the development of education in KSA, which started from a low level. The review of relevant literature provides background evidence of a low level of EMT awareness, use and evaluation in KSA. This evidence is substantiated by fieldwork which examines present conditions and provision throughout KSA. Fieldwork was conducted through questionnaires, interviews and school-based observation in five districts of KSA. The enquiry gathered evidence for male and female teachers, with and without EMT training; schools-based EMT specialists; EMT experts in Higher Education and Government; and CCTV technicians. Statistical procedures were used in the analysis of questionnaires, including frequency percentage, one-way analysis of variance, and Tukey's multiple range test. Among the findings of the enquiry are: continuing weaknesses in existing provision; the need for improved and more flexible initial training and in-service EMT programmes; the need for more EMT specialists, and for better co-ordination between schools and district officers in EMT planning and provision. The extent of these findings have led to the necessity of a comprehensive consideration of the KSA educational system as a whole, and thus the overhaul of teacher training.