The Mesolithic period in south and western Britain
A detailed study has been made of the Mesolithic material in southern and Western Britain and a quantity of new evidence has been recorded from west England and Wales, by means of research in the field and in museums and private collections. The results of the study may be summarised under headings referring to the four main cultural groups with which it is concerned. THE MAGLEMOSEAN CULTURE: New evidence has extended the previously known distribution of the Maglemosean culture into Somerset and Cornwall and a concentration of settlement around the Solent has been established. THE HORSHAM CULTURE: Previously published evidence has been reorganised in order to establish the distribution, economy and origins of this culture in the Weald, and new evidence has indicated a slight penetration of this culture into western Britain. THE BRITISH 'SAUVETERRIAN': This culture has been re-examined in the light of new evidence from west England, and it is suggested that the industries which exhibit the clearest affinities with the continental Sauveterrian occur in west England and Wales, in the areas of Upper Palaeolithic Settlement. An indigenous origin for these industries is considered possible and no similar sites have been identified in southern and eastern England. SITES WITH COASTAL ECONOMIES: A quantity of new evidence has been recorded in west England and Wales, for the identification of cultural groups which pursued an economy based on the sea shore, wihh a diminished reliance on the hunting of small game. This economy is in direct contrast to that of the Horsham culture of the Weald and is reflected in the material equipment.