Analysis of a reaction-diffusion system of λ-w type
The author studies two coupled reaction-diffusion equations of 'λ-w' type, on an open, bounded, convex domain Ω C R(^d) (d ≤ 3), with a boundary of class C², and homogeneous Neumann boundary conditions. The equations are close to a supercritical Hopf bifurcation in the reaction kinetics, and are model equations for oscillatory reaction-diffusion equations. Global existence, uniqueness and continuous dependence on initial data of strong and weak solutions are proved using the classical Faedo-Galerkin method of Lions and compactness arguments. The work provides a complete case study for the application of this method to systems of nonlinear reaction-diffusion equations. The author also undertook the numerical analysis of the reaction-diffusion system. Results are presented for a fully-practical piecewise linear finite element method by mimicking results in the continuous case. Semi-discrete and fully-discrete error estimates are proved after establishing a priori bounds for various norms of the approximate solutions. Finally, the theoretical results are illustrated and verified via the numerical simulation of periodic plane waves in one space dimension, and preliminary results representing target patterns and spiral solutions presented in two space dimensions.