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Title: The acceptance and statutory recognition of women as police officers in England and Wales with special reference to the Metropolitan Police, 1914-1931
Author: Carrier, John Woolfe.
Awarding Body: London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London)
Current Institution: London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London)
Date of Award: 1983
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"The Acceptance and Statutory Recognition of Women as Police Officers in England and Wales, with special reference to the Metropolitan Police, 1914-1931. " This study traces the history of women police up to the point where their employment received statutory recognition through the issuing of Regulations. The tactics of the various pressure groups are described, and the arguments for and against women police, as they were presented to the various Departmental Committees of Inquiry, and a Royal Commission, are discussed and analysed. During the First World War two factors contributed to the growing public interest in the idea of women police: the setting up of large army camps which attracted young women who appeared to be in moral danger, and the employment of large numbers of women and girls in munitions factories who required supervision for reasons of security as well as personal safety. Thus the first policewomen were employed to perform a specialised task involving the protection of women and children. Although the entry of women into police work might be seen as an example of the break with the Victorian view of women's role of domesticity and dependence and the challenge to male supremacy, nevertheless this study shows that policewomen were most successful and more easily accepted where they were doing those specialised tasks that were an extension of the female role of caring and protecting the traditional view of family life. The campaign for the employment of women police has to be seen against the background of widening spheres of employment for women. At the same time it is part of the history of the developing role of the police force, public attitudes towards the police and the relationship between the policeman as the symbol of legitimate authority and the ordinary citizen. Other themes which are linked with the subject are the relationship between central and local government, the role of the Home Office as the police authority for the Metropolis and the influence of pressure groups on government policy.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: History History Law Law enforcement Prisons Sociology Human services