Democratisation, reintegration and the security sector : assessing the peacebuilding effort in Bosnia-Herzegovina, 1995-2000
This thesis examines the impact of security sector reform in peacebuilding operations on the process of democratisation, with reference to the case of Bosnia-Herzegovina (BiH) between the signing of the peace agreement in November 1995 and the parliamentary elections of November 2000. A hard realist model has been applied in BiH but has not significantly helped democratisation, leaving the nationalist power structure largely untouched because of two factors: the structure of the agreement itself, tom between its separatist and re-integrationist provisions, and the incoherence of the international community with regard to security sector reform in BiH. The Bosnian predicament demonstrates the potential of a hard realist/liberal model of peacebuilding. It is argued here that it is less the nature of the model itself, which combines a hard realist approach to SSR with efforts at democratisation, that determines the success of the democratisation effort than the place of SSR within the overall peacebuilding process, as well as the roles played by third parties and the extent of their commitment in pushing democratisation forward.