Negotiating Europe's immigration frontiers
The European Union has become a region of intense immigration and the
movements of third country nationals from outside or within the territory of the
Member States has jumped to the top of ECIEU political agenda.
Important ECIEU measures have been adopted concernmg the most
important aspects in the area of immigration since the late eighties. The movements
of third country nationals have nonetheless been regulated by EC law, although
incidentally, since the origin of the Communities.
The analysis covers fifty years of Community immigration history and it
studies the changes in the immigration movements themselves and, in particular, of
their regulation under ECIEU law.
The research focuses on the factors that have contributed and that are
shaping the emerging European immigration policy in order to evaluate the real
impact of old and, especially, new rules on racial and ethnic minority groups and
An EU integrated policy covenng all aspects related to third country
nationals does not exist but very important steps, consolidated in the Amsterdam
Treaty, have been taken over the last decade (1989/1999). The strategy to adopt at
EU level is not very clear or coherent due to the complexity of the area itself and
because of the different approaches of the EU Institutions on the answer to give to
It has been demonstrated that although some gaps remain in the labyrinth of
ECIEU immigration rules, the main trend, imposed principally by the Member
States, is towards the creation of a White Fortress Europe.