Cutting tool condition monitoring of the turning process using artificial intelligence
This thesis relates to the application of Artificial Intelligence to tool wear monitoring. The main objective is to develop an intelligent condition monitoring system able to detect when a cutting tool is worn out. To accomplish this objective it is proposed to use a combined Expert System and Neural Network able to process data coming from external sensors and combine this with information from the knowledge base and thereafter estimate the wear state of the tool. The novelty of this work is mainly associatedw ith the configurationo f the proposeds ystem.W ith the combination of sensor-baseidn formation and inferencer ules, the result is an on-line system that can learn from experience and can update the knowledge base pertaining to information associated with different cutting conditions. Two neural networks resolve the problem of interpreting the complex sensor inputs while the Expert System, keeping track of previous successe, stimatesw hich of the two neuraln etworks is more reliable. Also, mis-classificationsa re filtered out through the use of a rough but approximate estimator, the Taylor's tool life equation. In this study an on-line tool wear monitoring system for turning processesh as been developed which can reliably estimate the tool wear under common workshop conditions. The system's modular structurem akesi t easyt o updatea s requiredb y different machinesa nd/or processesT. he use of Taylor's tool life equation, although weak as a tool life estimator, proved to be crucial in achieving higher performance levels. The application of the Self Organizing Map to tool wear monitoring is, in itself, new and proved to be slightly more reliable then the Adaptive Resonance Theory neural network.