Microprocessor controlled novel 4-quadrant DC-DC converter
The thesis describes a novel 4-quadrant DC-DC converter, supplied by a 28V DC voltage source, with an output voltage which may be continuously varied between +180V and -180V DC. A prototype 1.2kW DC-DC converter was designed and built, with emphasis given to the optimization of both the converter size and efficiency. This was achieved by means of a computer-based simulation study, which determined the optimal switching frequency and the size of the inductors and capacitors while maintaining a high unit efficiency. Mos-Gated Bimos switches, which feature the advantages of both mosfets and bipolar transistors, were developed to achieve high switching speed during high power operation. A digital-controlled DC servo system based on a 16-bit Intel 8086 microprocessor was designed, to provide both motor speed and position control. Speed and position detection circuits and the structure and the interfacing arrangement of the microprocessor system were designed and constructed. Several control algorithms were developed, including PID Control Algorithm and Current-Limit Control Algorithm. Based on open loop transfer function of the system, derived through mathematical modelling using the State-Space Averaging Method, the constants for the control algorithms were obtained to meet the dynamic performance specified for the system. Computer simulation was carried out to assist with the design of the converter and the control system. It is expected that drives into which the novel converter is incorporated will find many applications in situations where accurate positional control is required, particularly in battery-operated DC-servo system, such as satellite system, robots and some military vehicles.