Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.262379
Title: Investigating the use of metaphors for knowledge acquisition.
Author: Karunananda, Asoka S.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3595 227X
Awarding Body: University of Keele
Current Institution: Keele University
Date of Award: 1995
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Abstract:
A major phase in the construction of Knowledge-Based Systems (KBSs) is the Knowledge Acquisition stage. It involves acquiring knowledge from experts, books, examples and from other relevant sources. Until recently, researchers assumed a simplistic view of knowledge which required it being 'extracted' or 'mined' from experts. It is now clear that this simplistic view ignored the rich epistemological, cognitive and perceptual basis of what we refer to as knowledge. This thesis set about to address this problem. It identifies domain analysis as an early stage in the knowledge acquisition process and argues that it should capture the expert's perception of the domain, rather than the knowledge engineer's view of the expert's perception. It puts forward the thesis that metaphors are invaluable cognitive devices for perceiving and articulating domains. This idea has been postulated by several other researchers but never, until now, tested. This thesis prescribes a novel method for exploiting metaphors for knowledge acquisition. The method is based on Black's interaction view of metaphors which has been merged with Kelly's personal construct psychology. We have implemented a tool, DAKUM, based on this new method and evaluated the usefulness of metaphors for knowledge acquisition. We conclude that metaphors are useful for constructing a domain's functions and structure. However, we note that metaphors are only useful, when describing Juzzy domains; their use in describing relatively organised domains could often lead to confusion. Metaphorically speaking, we conclude that using metaphors is analogous to using a walking stick. The latter is only useful when it is needed; otherwise its use is often a hindrance.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.262379  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Computer software & programming Computer software
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