The coinage of Atrebates and Regni
A detailed study of the Iron Age coinage from the area of the Atrebates and Regni has been made. Coin deposition has been studied and distinctions made between 'hoards' from religious and non-religious sites. The first coins to circulate in the area, imported Gallo- Belgic gold, have been examined. The traditional Gallic war date for Gallo-Belgic E is questioned, and an earlier, longer chronology is proposed. During the currency of Gallo-Belgic C the first indigenous local staters, British A2 and C, appeared. Later, around the time of the Gallic War, these were succeeded by British Q. In this period the first local silver types were produced alongside a short-lived bronze issue. These were usually struck on broad thin flans with designs based on Gaulish coins. British Q was succeeded by several smaller localised stater issues. The contemporary quarter staters and silver were generally struck on thick flans with more insular designs. A picture of fragmented minting is apparent. The staters inscribed COMMIOS and several related denominations develop from these types. Close examination of the numismatic evidence suggests that these were produced by a Commios who was the 'son' of the Commius of Caesar. The minting of these and later inscribed coins appears to have been centralised. The succeeding coins of Tincommius bear Roman inspired designs and the metallurgy of the silver units suggests that they were produced from recycled Roman denarii. Numismatic evidence now suggests two mints, one in the Chichester-Selsey area, controlled by Tincommius, and another, at Calleva, held by Eppillus. A rare series of coins from Kent record these two leaders acting together with a further partner, Verica. Coins in Verica's name later appeared from both the southern and Calleva mints, although Calleva was eventually lost to a north Thames leader, Epaticcus.