Brickstamps of Byzantium : incorporating the archive of Ernest Mamboury
Volumes 2 and 3 comprise a catalogue of about 2,500 early Byzantine brickstamps from Istanbul. Volume 3 contains the illustrative material, derived primarily from the notes of Ernest Mamboury, other archives, museums, scholars and numerous publications. Volume 2 provides transcriptions of the inscriptions and details of bricks and stamps. The brickstamps in both volumes are arranged alphabetically according to the names upon the stamps. Indexes are provided to locate brickstamps according to place of publication, provenance, museum or archive. Volume 1 analyses selected material in the catalogue. Part I discusses the brickmaking industry, the purpose of the brickstamps, the management of production and supply, and the beginning and end of brickstamping in Constantinople. Part II discusses the chronology of brickstamps. Part II, Sections 1-3 discuss the dating of selected fifth-century, sixth-century and undated sites on the grounds of external evidence (i. e. literary and archaeological evidence, but not brickstamp evidence). Section 4 examines the brickstamp evidence from the sites discussed in Sections 1-3 and demonstrates the characteristics distinguishing brickstamps of the fifth and sixth centuries. The names that are to be associated with the respective centuries are tabulated. More precise dates are assigned to stamps where literary evidence allows. Section 5 applies the results deduced in Section 4 to a number of sites that have yielded samples presenting greater difficulties of interpretation. It is argued that the brickstamps carry the names of wealthy owners or lessees of land, and that they were used to prove to officials that the annual liability of brick production associated with the land had been met. Primary chronological results include the redating of St. Polyeuktos and the Palace of Antiochus and the clarification of dates of other minor monuments, such as the Balaban. Ağa Mescidi and the substructures on Cemal Nadir Sokaği.