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Title: British newspaper journalism 1900 to 1956 : a study of industrial relations
Author: Strick, H. C.
Awarding Body: London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London)
Current Institution: London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London)
Date of Award: 1957
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The newspaper journalist has an important part to play in modern society. One of the influences bearing upon the effectiveness with which he plays his part is his economic relationship with his employer, the newspaper proprietor. An analysis is made of the British newspaper industry's current problems, with a brief economic history of the industry since 1850, as a background against which this relationship must be Tiewed. The characteristics of the industry and of journalists as employees are considered. The trade associations concerned in this relationship are described, with a history of their development since their beginnings in the 19th and early 20th centuries. federations on the employers' and the employees' sides are mentioned and" the Joint Industrial Council. The rivalry between the Institute of Journalists and the National Union of Journalists is recounted, including efforts at amalgamation and current disagreements, such as the 'closed shop' and affiliation with the T.U.C. The sources of income of newspaper journalists are investigated and this income compared with that of the members of certain other locations, crafts and professions. An account is given of wage rates and wage negotiations fro~ 1900 to the present day; and of the recognition, by the proprietorial organisations, of the Institute of Journalists and the National Union of Journalists. The main disputes and negotiations during this period, other than those concerned with wages, are also described, with reference to hours, holidays, sick pay, pensions, unemployment, apprentice agreements and restriction of entry. Mention 1s made of the General Strike (1926) and the Royal commission on the Press (1947 to 1949). An evaluation is attempted of the journalist's economic progress since the beginning of the century; of his status in the community and in the newspaper industry; and of the problems facing him and his employers in the immediate future.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Labour studies Labor History