A comparative study on internationalisation of education in Japan : ideal Japanese society, man and knowledge
Chapter I sets out the problems which have been raised by the
rapid internationalisation of Japan. Holmes' 'problem solving
approach' is used to describe problems emerging since the 1960s.
The difficulties which Japan faces in international organisations
and at home are observed. Changes in the international relations
of Japan and the 'no-change' in the traditional 'mental states'
of Japanese people create a general problem. The analysis made of
the general problem in Chapter I indicates that it will be
necessary to develop various models for further analysis.
The extent to which Japan has been internationalised in practide
is examined. A distinction is drawn between the specific ana
general international features of the process. Features which are
obstacles to the internationalisation of Japan are identified and
related to the internationalisation of education.
A number of models are then presented which can be used to
analyse the problem. For example, in Chapter II, three ideal
models of man, society, and knowledge are constructed.
Traditional and modern models are based on Max Weber's social
theory, and the concepts of the United Nations' Charter are used
for the international model.
In Chapter III, an ideal Japanese model of society, man, and
knowledge is constructed. The traditional and modern models,
constructed in Chapter II, are used to analyse the important
legislation in Japan in two periods; between 1868 and 19 45 based
on the Imperial Oath of Five Articles and after 1945 based on the Japanese Constitution of 19L6.
In Chapters III and IV the Japanese models are used to identity
traditional and modern features of man, society, and knowledge,
in the fields of politics, economics, education, and society.
Through the study of practice the extent to which traditional
features are maintained and modern features are rejected can be
In Chapter VI attention is given to the internationalisation of
education. An examination of the internationalisation of Japan
indicates the role education might play. Government and nongovernment
proposals to eliminate problems in an international
society and to promote the internationalisation of Japan are
examined and the proposed policies are assessed in practice. As a
consequence, the author's recommendation is that the
internationalisation of education should be achieved through the
education of child returnees by giving them bilingual
Chapter VII concludes the overall analysis and presents the