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Title: A disequilibrium model for a small open economy.
Author: Athanasoglou, Panayotis P.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3431 5586
Awarding Body: University of Sussex
Current Institution: University of Sussex
Date of Award: 1988
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This study is mainly concerned with the developmen~ of a disequilibrium model for a small open economy and its application to the Greek manufacturing sector over the period 1962- 1982 using quarterly data. The economy defined comprises two sets of agents: firms and households, operating in two markets: goods and labour. Firms, which are profit maximizers, produce a non-storable good and demand labour while consumers, which are utility maximizers, demand goods and supply labour. Prices (and wages) are considered fixed in the short run and agents perceive quantity constraints. Taking into account the spill-over effects from the one market to the other, one can determine the appropriate effective demand functions for employment and imports. In the present case, the economy will alternatively belong to three different unemployment regimes; namely the classical, the keynesian and the repressed inflation. Actual output and exports which are endogenous in this model, are given by the production function and the foreign demand for the domestic product, respectively. However, actual employment is determined by the minimum of notional (Walrasian) demand for labour, effective demand for labour and the supply of labour, while actual imports are conditional to the regime ciassification obtained in the labour market. The equations of the model appropriately extended to reflect the dynamics and the specific characteristics of the Greek manufacturing sector were estimated by both least squares and maximum likelihood methods. Specifically, the former was applied to t~e production, imports and ex?orts functions, whil~ the'latter to the employment function. The construc-· tion of several time-series and the use of quarterly data for a period of 23 years made it possible to exploit the shortrun properties of the model. . It is found that this approach produces theoretically acceptable and plausible results.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Greek manufacturing sector Economics