A descriptive study of the relationships between work related self-esteem, job involvement and job satisfaction in four occupational groups
The major goals of the present thesis are to develop
a measure of Work Related Self-Esteem (WRSE) for nonmanagerial
employees, gather evidence on its reliability
and validity and learn something about the nature and
importance of this concept through correlations with other
job attitudes. Particular attention is focused on job
involvement and job satisfaction.
The overall framework has a multivariable approach,
with particular emphasis on the subjective outlooks and
evaluations of the individual. 474 employees, consisting
of industrial workers, psychiatric nurses, clerical staff and
general nurses are surveyed.
The reliability and validity of WVRSE, as well as its
usefulness as a moderator variable are supported. WRSE is
found to be the best predictor of performance appraisals,
job satisfaction and job involvement. The motivational
model behind WRSE is shown to be that of self enhancement
rather than that of self consistency.
Regarding job involvement, a significant inferrence
is made from the results that high levels of it sometimes
bring low performance appraisals, and that when coming in
conjunction with a perceived inability to make decisions,
it leads to long-term absences attributed to psychosomatic
illnesses. In general, the results show that age and job
involvement are the best predictors of intended length of
service (explaining 35% of the latter's total variance).
In one of the samples it is possible to explain a great
deal more '(71%), with two additional measures original to
this study, namely the desirability of the type of work in
one's own eyes and in the eyes of significant others.
Results partly support the two-factor theory of job
satisfaction. A suggestion is made, following many of the
results, that correlations tend to emerge manly when the
variable(s) in question do not represent the person's
main orientation, but nevertheless, remain significant to the