Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.258448
Title: The impact of agricultural growth on the agarian structure of Pakistan, with special reference to the Punjab province : 1960 to 1978
Author: Hussain, S. A.
Awarding Body: University of Sussex
Current Institution: University of Sussex
Date of Award: 1980
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Abstract:
Since the introduction of the HYV of foodgrains, research on Pakistan's agriculture has been preoccupied with either analyzing the effect of the new technology on output, or (more recently) on the proportion of the rural population below various "poverty lines". These studies ignore the fact that the process both of the growth of output, as well as that of poverty,.. operates through certain classes and social groups. The purpose of our study is to make a beginning towards a systematic analysis of changes in agrarian structure in Pakistan (with special reference to the Punjab) resulting from the growth of capitalist farming in the 1960s. Our investigation shows that in the period 1960 to 1978, a simultaneous proletarianization of the poor peasantry, and a polarization in size distribution of farms has occurred. Further our analysis suggests that the observed polarization has been brought about primarily by larger landlords resuming for selfcultivation, land formerly rented-out to lower medium and small sized farmers. This loss of rented-in area hit lower medium farms to a greater extent than small sized farms, while at the same time converting some of the former into the latter over the period. Investigation of the forms of utilization of the agricultural surplus by size class of farm, showed that although large sized farms had the highest level of productive investment, they had indulged in an even larger expenditure on luxury consumer durables. We analyzed the variations in the forms of organization of labour on capitalist farms, and the complexity of the wage relation in the Punjab, in terms of the varying degrees of extraeconomic control exercised by capitalist farmers over the labourers. Finally, an attempt was made to analyse the dynamics between the capitalist farming sector and the poor peasant sector of the agrarian economy. We examined the consequences of this interaction for the economic condition of the poor peasants on the one hand and thei-r political consciousness on the other.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.258448  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Agricultural economics Agricultural industries Geography
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