Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.256124
Title: The application of the planetarium as an education tool
Author: Firniss, K. P.
Awarding Body: Open University
Current Institution: Open University
Date of Award: 1980
Availability of Full Text:
Access through EThOS:
Abstract:
"Planetariums are considered to be educationally valuable Teaching Tools and there seems to exist a Demand for them; but for a Variety of Reasons Planetariums are underused in Education." The study was stimulated by the fact that the planetarium as a theme has been completely neglected by educational research in the very country of its origin, Germany. Limited research done elsewhere is focussed on themes concerned with the selected application of the planetarium but no survey has been undertaken on its wider acceptance and its apparent underuse. A broad spectrum investigation has therefore been conducted, guided by the general hypothesis printed at the head of this abstract. The thesis is presented in 3 chapters: I Introduction with one essay on the "Science of Astronomy" and one essay on the "History , Purpose and Design of the Planetarium"; II The Educational Value and the Educational Potential of the Planetarium and Demand for School Planetariums; III The Underuse of the Planetarium. Actual work was preceded by initial exploratory and pilot surveys which established the relevance of the research problem, the validity of the hypothesis and the feasibility of the project. 6 opinion polls including tests with 535 planetarium visitors were conducted both internationally and nationally and also literature was evaluated in order to determine opinions and attitudes about the educational value and the educational potential of the planetarium and the demand for planetariums. All those concerned with the planetarium in one capacity or other were involved. The planetarium's intrinsic value was assessed from a study of the scope and quality of its functions as a teaching tool. Experiments performed in the planetarium confirmed the planetarium's effectiveness in both the cognitive and affective domains. Demand was also established on the level of the Ministries of Education but could not be confirmed as being known to the manufacturers. The underuse of the planetarium and many reasons responsible for it were confirmed by 9 further surveys. 20 surveys and 5 experiments involving the participation of N = 1187 subjects were conducted, and an advertising campaign with 2420 schools for school planetariums has been evaluated. The hypothesis was essentially supported by the results of the surveys conducted. Organisational Scheme of the Thesis ____ . .........:A-t.=-b:.;.:sPt:::_.;:rrao::...::lc:•:.o..g:t::!a!_~.:nuI.':n!.t:reo::d!u. ction (in Chapter 1) Chapter I Chapter II I Chapter III General Introduction with 12 Paragraphs Educational Value of the flanetarium and Demand The Underuse of the planetarium Essay: "The Science of Astronomy" Introduction Introduction Essay: "The Planetarium. its History,: 2 Preparatory Surveys Purpose, and Design" j' 2 Evaluative Surveys 5 Opinion Polls 1 Set of 5 Educational Experiments I 1 Survey on Demand I Summary Summary --.--.--- ..----. -------- -- --- L__ _ 3 Surveys in the Cultural Scene and 1 Discussion of a Thesis 3 Surveys in the Educational Scene 2 Surveys with Manufacturers General Summary. Evaluation. Conclusion. Implications. and Recommendations Originality of the Work. the Product of the Research. Recommendations for further Research Index of Literature Appendix
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.256124  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Education & training Education
Share: