The small scale labour force in Port Harcourt and Calabar.
This is a comparative study of self employed craftsmen, their apprentices
and employees in Port Harcourt and Calabar. It explores their socioeconomic
characteristics, business organisation, recruitment and training
of manpower, labour relations, income ,problems , aspirations and commitment
to their jobs. The data were gathered in 1978 and 1979.
Five trades were selected for study. The data show that the characteristics
of small scale production are closely related to the level of
economic development and industrialisation and therefore different from one
city to another. Comparative data are used to highlight some of the
operational problems in defining, measuring and assisting small scale
Various hypotheses concerning the informal sector of the economy in
countries of the Third World were explored. These concerned the structure,
entry, role and problems of small entrepreneurs; the relationships between.
the small producers, formal sector enterprises and the state, and the way
in which social background factors mould or hinder small business endeavour.
The question of what factors enhance or limit the expansion of firms in the
sector, the success of some and failure of others and the implications of
petty production for social mobility and societal values.were also explored.
Attention was also given to the recruitment and training processes and wage
employment in the small scale labour force.