The education reform in Japan and Germany under the American military occupation after World War Two : a comparative study
This thesis is about the deconstruction and reconstruction of the education system in Japan and Germany (U.S. Zone) during the American military occupation after World War Two. The research of the thesis is based on documentary analyses of primary and secondary sources in English, Japanese and German. The central argument of the thesis is comparative and also historically based. The initial argument is that the major deconstruction of the education system in Japan and the retention much of it in Germany largely resulted from the weak affirmation of indigenous educational patterns by Japanese leaders and the strong affirmation of such patterns by German leaders after World War Two. It is further argued that these different reactions during the Occupation period need to be understood in a complex sociological, cultural and historical way. The roots of the reactions stretch back into the period of State formation in Japan and Germany, and the ways in which the core political agenda of State formation shaped the role of the university and the pattern of elite formation. Thus, the thesis analyses developments in Meiji Japan (1868-1912) and the German Kaiserreich (1871-1918), before concentrating on the Occupation period in Japan (1945-1952) and Germany (1945- 1949). The thesis consists of six chapters. Chapter One offers the conceptual and analytical framework of the thesis. Chapters Two and Three investigate the role of education within the process of State formation in Meiji Japan and the German Kaiserreich. Chapters Four and Five describe the education reforms during the American Military Occupation in Japan and Germany. Chapter Six concludes the thesis.