An edition of the Coucher Book and charters of Bolton Priory (Yorkshire)
This thesis contains an edition of the Coucher Book of Bolton Priory, an Augustinian house in Yorkshire, together with edited sections of Dodsworth MS 144, like the Coucher Book, a copy of the lost cartulary, and a number of original charters. These documents have been edited in full, with each being preceded by a caption in English together with a date and references to other copies. The edition of the Coucher Book contains notes as to where those sections believed to have been omitted from the cartulary are located in Dodsworth NIS 144. The chapters which precede the edition are intended to give some context to the edition, as well as a brief examination of its contents. The first chapter contains a short history of the Augustinian Order, its development in England, and how Bolton Priory fits into this scheme. Chapter two is concerned with the patrons and benefactors of the priory. It is divided into two sections: the first examines the founders and patrons of the priory and their descendants, whilst the second explores the non-patronal benefactors of the house, with a brief analysis of several of the families who were connected from an early date with the priory, as well as the extent of their support and their motives. The third chapter investigates the estates of the priory and their development. Temporal property is examined first, focussing upon the various types of property acquired, together with its location, and methods of acquisition, and then spiritualities: those churches in which the canons acquired an interest, and to what extent as well as how this was acquired. Finally chapter four examines the lost cartulary and the Coucher Book, exploring their administrative histories, as well as a brief analysis of the charters of the founders and others.