A theoretical study of rotor forces and torques in helical twin screw compressors
Helical twin screw compressors are being increasingly used in the oil and gas process industry and for refrigeration and air conditioning duties. This machine is capable of high reliability. To achieve it both thermodynamic efficiency and rotor forces must be taken into consideration at the design stage. In this study, a computer program for analysing the forces in a twin screw compressor has been developed. It takes into account all significant factors and includes a rotor profile generation program and a geometrical characteristics calculation program. The programs developed have been integrated with an existing performance simulation program and used to investigate several design aspects of a refrigeration twin screw compressor and an unusual refrigeration system design. A comprehensive examination of lobe tip designs suggests that lobe tip design parameters must be optimised if minimum power consumption is to be achieved and the use of a sealing strip gives an advantage. A para meter study for optimum rotor geometrical parameter combinations has shown that the 4+5 and 5+6 combinations have in general high efficiencies, but less rigidity, while the 5+7 and 4+6 combinations give the opposite results. The highest wrap angle and length/diameter ratio do not always lead to the highest compressor performance. A comprehensive examination of the influence of the slide valve on compressor performance and bearing forces has been conducted. Procedures for determining the optimum slide stop and volume ratios are presented. The detrimental effect of the non-return valve in a refrigeration system driven by a twin screw compressor has been examined. A non-reversing clutch fitted to the prime mover is an alternative, but must be designed according to the shut down torque which is higher than the normal running torque. This is demonstrated. An analytical model for axial-torsional coupled vibration in an Oil-injected twin screw compressor has been created. A frequency analysis of all the excitations has been conducted by using an FFT technique. It is found that the fundamental harmonic dominates the gas torque, while the first two harmonics dominate the axial forces.