A generalised phrase structure grammar analysis of colloquial Egyptian Arabic
This thesis proposes and defends a let of analyses of various
aspects of the phrase structure of colloquial Egyptian Arabic
(EA) clause structure, using the Generalised Phrase Structure
Grammar (GPSG) framework of Gazdar, Klein, Pullum and Sag (1985).
In the first chapter the constituency of simple clause types is
examined and it is argued that EA is a "configurational" SVO
language with a VP constituent. These two proposals form the
basis for the analyses developed in subsequent chapters. The
second chapter pursues the themes of the first, examining the
syntax of so-called "nominal" (verbless) sentences, and offering
a unified account of both verbal and nominal sentence types.
Chapter 3 is concerned with clausal complementation, and shows
that under certain assumptions motivated in earlier chapters, the
GPSG framework allows for a concise account of a number of
hitherto problematic constructions.
Chapter 4 is devoted to the syntax of subjects, and in particular
to a discussion of "pro-drop" in EA. The relationship between
the possibility of missing subjects, word order, and inflection
is investigated, and an analysis of cliticisation is proposed
which has implications for other areas of the grammar
especially relative clauses, which are the subject of Chapter 5.The final chapter is concerned exclusively with the synta~ of
relative clauses. A grammar for relative clauses is formulated,
in which resumptive pronouns are generated using the feature
SLASH. Under the analysis of relative clauses proposed here, the
syntax of both subject and object relatives falls out from the
interaction of a number of independent facts about EA grammar,
and requires no special statement.
Throughout the work the aim is to highlight important issues in
the syntax of EA, and to offer accounts of these aspects of the
grammar which involve the smallest amount of syntactic machinery
and achieve maximum generality.