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Title: The reorganisation of the Indian armies, 1858-1879.
Author: Shibly, Atful Hye.
Awarding Body: School of Oriental and African Studies (University of London)
Current Institution: SOAS, University of London
Date of Award: 1969
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The Indian mutiny revealed the vulnerability of that military organisation upon which British rule ultimately depended. With its suppression, the re-organisation of the Indian armies became urgent. The policy decisions taken and implemented during the following two decades (1858-1879) laid the foundations of military policy for the remainder of British rule. The thesis, which concentrates upon policy formation between 1858 and 1879, opens with a brief account of the growth of the pre-mutiny Indian armies and traces the emergence of the organisational defects that exposed so clearly by the mut1ny. The first chapter considers the problem posed by the legacy of the Company's European army, and analyses the reasons for the amalgamation of that army with the Line army. Attention is devoted to the "White Mutiny", which changed the terms of the ,problem drastically. The second chapter turns to the command of the native regiments. The old "regular" regiments, depleted by the mutiny and revealed as expensive and inefficient, were, after some controversy, reorganised to provide tor a less rigid system of officering. The third chapter studies the formation and development of the Staff Corps, a specially selected body of European officers for both military and non-military duties. This was necessary because the abolition of the "local" army deprived the government of the only source of officers for native regiments and for staff appointments. The fourth chapter deals with the grievances of the "local" officers which arose out of the amalgamation and the formation of the Staff Corps. The measures eventually adopted to redress the grievances changed the character of the Corps significantly. The final chapter pursues the problem of devising safe native regiments, which was solved by carefully controlling the racial, religious, and regional composition of regiments. The study concludes with an evaluation of the success of the re-organisation.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available