Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.243111
Title: Evidence-based decision-making and managerial chaos in population displacement emergencies : a case study of Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh 1992-93.
Author: Diskett, Patricia Muriel.
Awarding Body: University of Liverpool
Current Institution: University of Liverpool
Date of Award: 1997
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Abstract:
The aim of the thesis is to explore (from a management perspective), the role, potential and limitations of evidence-basedd ecision-making in an acute population displacement emergency. Using an epidemiological approach, I evaluate its effectiveness in reducing and controlling mortality, malnutrition and disease outbreaks. Influences on the approach, blocks and facilitating factors are also identified. The difficulties associatedw ith using a rational approach in a chaotic setting are confronted. The literature review (Chapter 1) draws on lessons learnt from selectedp revious emergenciesa nd identifies opportunities and problem areas. This case study describes and analyzes the first year of an emergency relief programme for 250,000 Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh. The research is based on primary data collected using three main methods and verified through triangulation. These methods are participant observation, action research and epidemiological methods. Data are drawn from 20 refugee camps, 16 NGOs, selected UN agencies and government departments. The methods and context of the study are described in Chapters 2 and 3 respectivelThe emergency in Bangladesh is described from different viewpoints in order to analyze the chaotic conditions under which the epidemiological approach was tested. Models are developed showing emergency phases from four perspectives. The demographic and epidemiological paradigms are discussed in Chapter 4, while the political and managerial viewpoints are analyzed in Chapter 5. Similar to other emergencies, a sequence of events and trends can be identified. In the models these are shown as clear phases in the relief programme. Unlike some other emergencies, a number of the phases described occur concurrently rather than sequentially. For example, repatriation is an issue during the arrival (acute emergency) phase and acute crises occur in an apparently stable (continuation) phase. The relationships between crude mortality rates, malnutrition rates, disease outbreaks and the various factors affecting decisions, are examined in Chapter 6. When using an epidemiological approach, a number of limitations are noted. Rapid decisions need to be made during the acute emergency phase, but the data needed for decision-making are of poor quality and information is not available in a timely way. When useable information is available, political and organisational factors inhibit rational decision-making. These factors can have a negative effect on the health and nutritional status of the refugees. Political influences on decision-making are particularly strong. At times, political priorities take precedence over epidemiological evidenceEvidence-based decision-making can be used effectively by emergency managers to influence change. However managers and relief workers frequently lack the training and skills which are necessary to fully utilise such an approach. An analysis of political events, organisational factors and managerial chaos is of benefit (in support of evidence-based decision-making), as it facilitates a better understanding of constraints and opportunities (Chapter 7). Areas which require further research are summarised in Chapter
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.243111  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Geography
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