Rural development in North Central Java, Indonesia
This study is concerned with the development of coastal rural areas in Northern Central Java-Indonesia. It examines some aspects of rural development processes, including physical and socio-economic factors. The main objectives are 1.to determine the factors significant in coastal rural development; and 2.to specify the kecamatans (sub-districts) most suitable for development purposes based on the evaluation of those factors. Rich in natural resources, coastal rural areas have a high potential for development but this needs to be properly managed for development. The significant factors for this were identified using factor analysis Regional development in Central Java needs to be broken down into more detail programmes, especially if rural development is the object of the study. As in many rural areas in Indonesia, agriculture is the basic predominant activity in the coastal rural area together with fisheries. Therefore, rural development is often concerned with agricultural development. Discussion of the main problems in the specific area is important. This may include consideration of physical, social and economic and cultural problems. Several problems have, therefore, been recognized, namely: the unsatisfactory nature of agriculture development programmes in accelerating rural development, the 5carcity of capital, and the lack of explicit programmes of coastal rural development. Identification of some potential sectors for development, however,can help the planners to overcome such problems. Thus, physical, social and economic sectors should be examined. This leads to the definition of the significant factors for coastal rural development. This study has identified that commercial factors can accelerate development in rural areas; rural development needs adequate investment so that rational allocation measures should be devised. The distribution of development subsidies to rural areas can not be carried out effectively in the indiscriminate way hitherto used by the Government. Therefore the allocation of funds to development should be concentrated on selected kecamatans. Thus to develop these coastal areas an appropriate selection strategy must be evolved. By identifying the critical factors, the kecaniatans best suited for development can be identified based on the appropriate strategy.