Reflecting boundaries and massless factorized scattering in two dimensions
This thesis is concerned with two-dimensional models that are integrable in the presence of a boundary and whose spectrum in the bulk is constituted of massless particles. Although there is already a vast literature on the subject (e.g. Kondo and Callan-Rubakov models), the common minimal denominator in all these situations is the fact that the bulk theory is conformal invariant and it is the boundary that is responsible for the broken scale invariance. Here, our purpose is to consider the alternative situation, where the boundary respects the conformal invariance of the theory and the renormalization group trajectory is controlled by a bulk perturbation. The model in question is the principal chiral model at level k = 1. We propose the set of permissible boundary conditions suggested by the symmetries of the problem and compute the corresponding minimal reflection matrices. For one of the boundary conditions we compute the boundary ground state energy and the boundary entropy using the technique of boundary thermodynamic Bethe ansatz. In the infrared limit our results are shown to be in complete agreement with the predictions of the boundary conformal field theory approach. Finally, we consider the classical supersymmetric Liouville theory on the half-line and compute the boundary conditions compatible with the superconformal invariance. We construct an infinite set of commuting integrals of motion using Lax-pair techniques and discuss some aspects of the quantum theory as well as its relation to the super Korteweg-de Vries equation.