The office development process in Kuala Lumpur : an application of the structure and agency approach
In this study, a theoretical framework within the structure and agency philosophical perspective is presented to aid understanding of the land development process. In order to demonstrate how such theoretical framework may be used, the study focuses on three case studies consisting of high rise office developments in the Golden Triangle Area of Kuala Lumpur. It is argued that traditional models of the land development process are unable to explain adequately the structure and processes of the built environment. Hence, the principal reason for undertaking the study was to assess the suitability of the structure and agency approach to explaining and understanding the land and property development process in a fuller context. In this study, there are two problems. First, to formulate a set of hypotheses in relation to the factors driving the office development process in Kuala Lumpur. The hypotheses concern the interests and strategies of individual agents involved in the development process and the way the underlying structural factors, affect and changes with changing agents actions and interactions. Second, to assess whether Healey's (1992) model of the land development process, which is used as a means to approach this research, is a relevant device to carry out empirical studies on land development process. It is concluded that, in general, the office development process involved complex institutional and agency relationships. The office development process in Kuala Lumpur is shaped by the form of economic and institutional structure which influenced the interests and the way agents behaved in deploying resources. One important finding is that this research is difficult to undertake. The difficulty lies not only in the complexity of the office developments under study, but also resulted from the deficiency of Healey's (1992) model.