Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.240720
Title: Characterization and control of crystallographic defects in thin film SIMOX materials
Author: Giles, Luis Felipe
Awarding Body: University of Surrey
Current Institution: University of Surrey
Date of Award: 1994
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Abstract:
Crystallographic defects present in the silicon over layer of thin (< 1000 A) SIMOX material have been characterized using a newly developed etchant and by transmission electron microscopy. Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy has also been used to determine the chemical composition and thickness of the synthesised layers. The thin SIMOX layers were produced by two different methods, namely (i) sacrificial oxidation of the silicon over layer of thick (2000 A) SIMOX films and (ii) low energy O+ implantation. The main crystallographic defects present in materials prepared by sacrificial oxidation are threading dislocations and oxidation induced stacking faults (OISF) whose density and size depends mainly upon the oxidation conditions (temperature, time) and also on the number of nucleation sites present before oxidation. The nucleation of these OISF has been investigated and it has been observed that stacking fault (SF) complexes are the main nucleation sites. The density of threading dislocations within the Si over layer does not increase during oxidation. The lowest density of OISF (5.0x102 cm-2) was observed in layers thinned by dry oxidation although some layers contained up to 5.0x105 cm-2. This difference in OISF densities was attributed to differences in the densities of the SF complexes before oxidation. Thin film SIMOX structures formed by low energy implantations also contain two principal defect types namely, threading dislocations and stacking fault complexes, where the densities depend upon the implantation and annealing conditions, A low density of threading dislocations is only obtained when parameters, such as dose and implantation temperature are optimised. Furthermore, it is also observed that thermal and mechanical stresses produced in the silicon over layer during implantation or annealing, need to be minimised in order to obtain low defect density material. It has been shown by whole wafer defect mapping of six inch SIMOX wafers implanted under optimised conditions, that a uniform distribution of defects can be achieved, having an average defect density as low as 1.0x104 cm-2. Additionally, the effects of implantation damage on the formation of secondary defects have also been investigated. The results have shown that the coalescence of point defects generated during implantation produce a high density of dislocation loops that, depending upon the annealing treatment, develop into threading dislocations or OISF. These experiments confirm that careful optimisation of the processing conditions, such as implantation temperature and dose uniformity, can significantly reduce defect densities thus enhancing the prospect of thin film SIMOX as a suitable substrate for fully depleted MOS devices.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.240720  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Solid-state physics
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