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Title: Theoretical and empirical evidence of female labour force participation rates in LDCs : a cross cultural comparison.
Author: Akhtar, S.
Awarding Body: Paisley College of Technology
Current Institution: University of the West of Scotland
Date of Award: 1980
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This study presents a cross-cultural analysis of female labour force participation rates (FLFPR's) -a crucial ingredient of the development and growth process - by evaluating the underlying determinants of high and low FLFP within and across countries. Selecting a sample of West Indian women (from Jamaica, Dominica, Guyana, Barbados and St. Kitts) and Asian women (viz. India, Pakistan and Bangladesh) and . extending it to the West Indian and Asian immigrants in the U. K., this study provides an analysis of women of diversified origin, demographic, socio-economic and cultural background. This enables us to draw implications for women in the migratory process by identifying the variation in FLFPR's and their determinants in rural, urban and acvanced (UK) urban states. The wide range applications of regression techniques to the FLFP function reveals the significance of various determinants generally contended to increase/decrease FLFP. The main factors identified are: demography, fertility, education, level of development, organization of industry/ agriculture, child-care facilities, historical forces, culture and religion. Findings indicate how culture in the West Indies has promoted FLFP (though deteriorated women's status) but depressed Asian FLFP. However, it is suggested that where socio-cultural and religious forces dominate, these can be outweighed by providing-greater accomodative opportunities, where the latter encourage women to adopt a working role within the surrounding socio-cultural and fertility constraints. Since there are more of such opportunities in rural areas, it is observed that the rural rates will be higher than the urban rates. Examining immigrant women their high FLFPR's seem to emerge from the dominance of favourable post-migration characteristics and surroundings as compared to the pre-migration characteristics. Also, this study attempts to compare the performance of alternative techniques for estimating the labour supply function, such as LOGIT and TSLS. However, the conclusions emerging from use of these techniques are very similar to those obtained by OLS
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Labour studies