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Title: Rate of cobalt extraction by D2EHPA from aqueous forming drops : cobalt extraction from aqueous forming drops by di-2-ethylhexylphosphoric acid is studied by flow injection analysis and a computer program is used to calculate mass transfer coefficients. F
Author: Dowling, Irena C.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3431 2908
Awarding Body: University of Bradford
Current Institution: University of Bradford
Date of Award: 1989
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A study of the extraction of cobalt II ions from an aqueous growing drop into a continuous medium of di-2-ethylhexylphosphoric acid (D2EHPA) is made. The apparatus for this technique is described and a flow injection analysis method for measuring the cobalt remaining in the aqueous phase has been developed. In this study the feed concentration of cobalt has varied between 8.48 x 10-3 and 16.97 x 10-3 mole 9-1. The D2EHPA held in n-heptane, has been altered between 0.143 and 2.41 mole P. Also, pH has been adjusted between 3.10 and 4.44. The principal temperature applied to this study was 25 ±0.5*C. Acetate buffers have been used, but it is shown by calculation that about 70% of the cobaltous ion is in an uncomplexed form. The kinetics of the extraction have been modelled using a method based upon reaction in an aqueous zone near to the liquid-liquid interface with diffusion of species towards and away from the interface. This model provided a fundamental parameter 01 which incorporates the chemical rate constant kR, the D2EHPA partition coefficient PHR, the acid dissociation constnat KD for D2EHPA and the metal ion diffusivity in the interface diffusion region. The results have been compared with those of other workers who studied the transfer of cobalt into an organic drop from an aqueous continuum. The diffusion controlling film is the aqueous one. The rate constant for, the extraction reaction equation is, from this work, kR - 106.34 M3 kmol-1 sec-1 which can be compared with that found by another worker using the reverse transfer system, i. e. kR - 106.18 m3 kmol-I sec-i. . Finally, the mass transfer coefficients were found to change with varying feed concentrations and pH, this is also in agreement with other workers who have studied different liquid-liquid systems.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Liquid-liquid extraction