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Title: Impingement of offset jets on rigid and movable beds.
Author: Salehi Neyshabouri, Seyed Ali Akbar
ISNI:       0000 0004 2666 2715
Awarding Body: University of Liverpool
Current Institution: University of Liverpool
Date of Award: 1988
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The present thesis describes an experimental and theoretical investigation of the flow field and scour action of an offset jet. The hydraulic characteristics of the offset jet and the resulting scour developed in the bed were investigated in the laboratory. Tests were carried out using a fixed bed and a single offset ratio (height of jet above bed / jet thickness). Three flow rates were used. Velocity measurements in two directions, especially in the recirculating zone, were of help in understanding the flow field and in providing the necessary data for comparison with the theoretical results. The development of scour, on a uniform sand, was monitored at set time intervals, in most cases until the asymptotic state was reached. A new effective and simple method for measuring the scour profile, while the experiment was running, was devised. The experiments were conducted using four different offset ratios and several flow-rates. Results showed dependency of the scour characteristics on Froude number, time and especially the offset ratio. The findings of each experiment were combined dimensionlessly to produce relationships which describe the development of scour characteristics for the tested range of parameters. Scour profiles were found to be similar for a given offset ratio, but differed from one offset ratio to another. The second part of the work was concerned with developing a general integral method capable of the prediction of velocity fields of different flow situations, including those of offset jet impinging on rigidand eroded beds. The combination of strip integral method in a curvilinear system with the k-E and algebraic stress turbulence models provided such a method. Application of this method to a variety of selected test cases revealed the ability of the model to capture the main features of the flow within the considered range of interest. The algebraic stress model was found to give better results in curved and wall effected flows.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Scour action of an offset jet