Teaching styles in higher art education
The purpose of this study was to identify teaching styles in higher art education. The research was qualitative, and the methodology was one of triangulation, involving the views of lecturers, students, and the observer (author). Preliminary interviews with students and staff at one college provided the framework for the research and highlighted basic important variables in teaching art at college level. A 3D perspex model was designed to encourage lecturers to exteriorize and articulate in a visual/spatial way the various emphases they had in their teaching. The resultant form was a 3D 'concept map', indicating the person's approach or style. The research was replicated at another college, and extended by videotaping lecturers teaching, and interviewing students. Cluster analysis was used with the model data to establish groupings of lecturers, and when cross-referenced with the analysis of student interviews and videotapes/observations resulted in four different styles of teaching, which were labelled 'Fundamentalist', Structurist', 'Objectivist', and 'Artist'. There was found to be no real difference in style that could be attributed to the two different institutions; length of teaching experience markedly influenced styles; aims objectives and philosophies of courses had a strong influence on teaching styles.