Adaption to temperature in caddis larvae (Trichoptera).
The occunence of temperature acclimation was investigated in a range
of caddis species.
A closed bottle method was used for the majority of the respiration
experiments, a flow-through respirometer being designed for the remaining
Temperature acclimation was demonstrated in eight out of twelve
species studied. Increased ability to compensate was associated with
increased ecological distribution.
The hydropsychids were shown to have a greater ability to acclimate
than polycentropodids with similar distributions.
No relationship was apparent between the interspecific differences in
the respiration rate and the distribution of the species.
For some species maintenance at a warmer temperature for 4-5 weeks
caused a decrease in the undulatory activity of the larvae when compared,
at a constant temperature, with larvae maintained at a cooler temperature.
For eight of the ten species for which both sets of data were obtained the
metabolic and undulatory data were compatible. A relationship between
undulatory activity and distribution was suggested.
For two cased caddis species a positive correlation was demonstrated
between the number of gills and the body weight. Maintenance at the warmer
of two temperatures over a period including a moult caused an increase in
the number of gills on larvae and pupae. Intraspecific differences were
found in the number of gills on larvae from different field sites, the
number increasing with increased stream temperature. No relationship was
demonstrated between the oxygen consumption of the larvae and the number of
No evidence was obtained for a difference in metabolism following
maintenance of larvae at fluctuating temperatures of differing amplitudes.Decreased undulatory activity was demonstrated in larvae of Hydropsyche
contuberna7is maintained under conditions of greater temperature
Field acclimatisation was demonstrated in two species, Sericostoma
personatum and Potamophy7ax cingu7atus, larvae from the warmer sites having
a lower respiration rate than larvae of the same species from cooler sites,
when both were measured at the same temperature.